October 4, 2021

The REEF Act: A National Boost for Offshore Fish Habitat


Why it matters: Many coastal states have artificial reef programs that sink anything from fabricated concreate balls or pyramids to old ships, when they are available, to provide habitat for fish and rich targets for anglers and divers in the area. Congress is proposing to significantly boost these programs with the Reusing Equipment for Environmental Fortification (REEF) Act, which will require the Secretary of the Navy to report when a vessel is being retired from the Naval Vessel Register. Providing access to substantial reefing materials in the form of decommissioned U.S. Navy ships will allow many states an opportunity to substantially increase their offshore habitat for reef fish and fishing opportunities for anglers.

Artificial reefs are more than merely fish attractors. When a new hard structure is introduced into the marine environment, it does not take long for a micro ecosystem to begin developing. This occurs because artificial reefs provide a place for algae and invertebrates, such as coral, to accumulate and capture nutrients from surrounding waters and begin the process of assimilating biomass through the food chain. In a relatively short amount of time, smaller fish congregate to feed on the alga and invertebrates, and these smaller creatures soon attract larger predators, many of which are important sportfish. There are numerous examples of decommissioned vessels being successfully converted into artificial reefs, benefiting the marine environment and becoming valuable fishing destinations.

The Reusing Equipment for Environmental Fortification (REEF) Act seeks to establish a pathway to secure retired Naval vessels for use as artificial reef structures in the nation’s coastal waters. Specifically, the bill would require the Secretary of the Navy to notify Congress no later than 90 days of the retirement of a vessel from the Naval Vessel Register that is a viable candidate for reefing. The REEF Act provides an opportunity to create new, vibrant marine ecosystems and recreational fishing destinations. Not only is this welcome legislation for marine life and anglers, but also for local economies which can benefit from the spending power of anglers.

The Congressional Sportsmen’s Foundation recently joined several recreational fishing organizations on a letter of support for the REEF Act and will continue to work with Congress to see the bill enacted either through the National Defense Authorization Act or as a standalone bill.

Studies conducted at both the state and federal level have found that the number of hunters and trappers have been on a generally declining trend over the past several decades. To increase recruitment, retention, and reactivation (R3) of hunters and trappers, which initiative do you think would have the greatest impact?

View All news

Back TO All

In Season


Stay current with the latest news, policy activity and how to get involved.

Sign up for Newsletters


Donate today so we can keep fighting for tomorrow!

Donate Now